RogerBW's Blog

Architecture of Mariehamn 18 July 2015

While we were in Mariehamn, Mia Åkerfelt, a PhD who specialises in the history of architecture, conducted a walking tour showing off the history of the town. Images follow: cc-by-sa on everything.

I should disclaim: this is based on my notes from Dr Åkerfelt's explanations, and any errors are my own.

Town hall (1939, designed by Lars Sonck).

A typical early house, in the Ålands farmhouse style. Originally, Mariehamn was to be a big expensive settlement: stone houses only! But nobody wanted to pay that much, so eventually this constraint was relaxed. This farmhouse style has four or five rooms, all of them in contact with the central hearth and chimney, and attics above. Rooms have to be multi-purpose, of course, with beds put away during the day.

A house by Hilda Hongell, Finland's first female master builder (women weren't allowed to be architects); she brought contemporary Finnish and Russian designs to Mariehamn. This one's from 1897 or so.

This one's in the traditional style, but I can tell it's more recent than the 1890s. Why? Well, the town's fortunes were going to be made by tourism, so a huge spa was built. Nobody set up a hotel, though, so guests found themselves lodging with the locals. After a bit, houses were built for the guests to rent; the locals added lots of decorative features like balconies and verandahs. But they didn't realise that people actually wanted to use them, so they didn't have access doors.

This one's from 1879, and has its original out-house.

This is actually modern, around five years old, but built in the Hilda Hongell style.

I didn't get a date for this one, but it's in the old style.

Every house with upstairs sleeping-rooms needs to have a fire escape.

Date unknown, but this shows how the verandah would have been inaccessible. (It's been modified now with a door on the left.)

Even many more modern buildings have that "fringe" effect that Hilda Hongell made her own.

A very modern building, but with a relatively traditional exterior.

Missionskyrkan, 1897 (Hilda Hongell again).

The sort of thing that was being put up in the forties. Apparently pre-made Sears houses were also popular, though none of them survives in Mariehamn itself.

Another Hilda Hongell design, strangely ecclesiastical to my eye.

In the 1960s, there was "rehabilitation", and the usual push for higher density. This meant lots of old buildings knocked down in favour of concrete boxes. Fortunately this mostly stopped in 1972 when the oil price shock did bad things to the shipping industry.

The Black Cat Café, 1883. Legislation allows you to build modern buildings on a lot if you restore the original building at the front of it.

Another example. Lovely house out front, high-density behind.

Viking Line headquarters. Built on the tourism boom in the 1980s.

Comments on this post are now closed. If you have particular grounds for adding a late comment, comment on a more recent post quoting the URL of this one.

Search
Archive
Tags 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s 3d printing action aeronautics aikakirja anecdote animation anime army astronomy audio tech base commerce battletech beer boardgaming bookmonth chain of command children chronicle church of no redeeming virtues cold war comedy computing contemporary cornish smuggler cosmic encounter coup cycling dead of winter doctor who documentary drama driving drone ecchi espionage essen 2015 essen 2016 essen 2017 existential risk falklands war fandom fantasy film firefly first world war flash point food garmin drive gazebo geodata gin gurps gurps 101 harpoon historical history horror hugo 2014 hugo 2015 hugo 2016 hugo 2017 hugo 2018 hugo-nebula reread in brief avoid instrumented life kickstarter learn to play leaving earth linux mecha museum mystery naval non-fiction one for the brow opera perl photography podcast politics powers prediction privacy project woolsack pyracantha quantum rail ranting raspberry pi reading reading boardgames social real life restaurant reviews romance rpg a day rpgs science fiction scythe second world war security shipwreck simutrans smartphone south atlantic war squaddies stationery steampunk stuarts suburbia superheroes suspense television the resistance thirsty meeples thriller tin soldier torg toys trailers travel vietnam war war wargaming weather wives and sweethearts writing about writing x-wing young adult
Special All book reviews, All film reviews
Produced by aikakirja v0.1