RogerBW's Blog

Perl Weekly Challenge 46: corrupt messages and hotel rooms 28 February 2020

I’ve been doing the Perl Weekly Challenges. The latest was about recovering a corrupted message and solving an iterative problem.

To discuss the solution of the first part is to spoil the problem, because working out what is going on is the fun bit. After that, it's just looking for a particular pattern in the input data.

For each character position, count how many times (across multiple copies of the message) each character appears there.

my @place;
while (<>) {
  chomp;
  my @k=split / /,$_;
  map {$place[$_]{$k[$_]}++} (0..$#k);
}

For each character position, print the character that appears there most often.

foreach my $h (@place) {
  my @v=values %{$h};
  my @k=keys %{$h};
  my @i=sort {$v[$b] <=> $v[$a]} (0..$#v);
  print $k[$i[0]];
}
print "\n";

And similarly in perl6, though I finally got round to using comb rather than split.

for lines() {
  .chomp;
  my @k=comb(/\S/,$_);
  map {@place[$_]{@k[$_]}++}, (0..@k.end);
}

for @place -> %h {
  my @v=values %h;
  my @k=keys %h;
  my @i=sort {@v[$^b] <=> @v[$^a]}, (0..@v.end);
  print @k[@i[0]];
}
print "\n";

For the other part, which has the air of one of those standard computing problems, it's just a matter of iteration… with a small optimisation at the start to avoid setting the entire array twice, but with a mere 500 entries there's no point in optimising further. (Contrast 2019's Advent of Code, which would give this as the first part of a problem and then in the second part give you eleventy billion rooms and ask about the final state of number 983244521.)

my @rooms=(1) x 500;

foreach my $n (2..500) {
  for (my $k=$n-1;$k<500;$k+=$n) {
    $rooms[$k]=1-$rooms[$k];
  }
}

print map {$_+1,"\n"} grep {$rooms[$_]==1} (0..$#rooms);

Perl6 differs only in syntax (and the need for whitespace before <).

my @rooms=1 xx 500;

for 2..500 -> $n {
  loop (my $k=$n-1 ; $k <500 ; $k+=$n) {
    @rooms[$k]=1-@rooms[$k];
  }
}

map {say $_+1}, grep {@rooms[$_]==1}, (0..@rooms.end);

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