RogerBW's Blog

Perl Weekly Challenge 140: Binary and Tabular 24 November 2021

I’ve been doing the Weekly Challenges. The latest involved an unusual binary encoding and indexing into a multiplication table. (Note that this is open until 28 November 2021.)

Task 1: Add Binary

You are given two decimal-coded binary numbers, $a and $b.

Write a script to simulate the addition of the given binary numbers.

In other words, interpret 101 as 5, 1001 as 9, and add them to make 14, expressed as 1110.

It would have been possible to do this piecewise, taking each digit of each number, but instead I chose to write a converter between this decimal-coded notation and standard integers, particularly once I realised that the converters to and from could use basically the same code.

Raku:

sub cvradix($n,$r,$tf) {
  my $o=0;
  my $nn=$n;
  my $m=1;
  my $ra;
  my $rb;
  if ($tf==0) { # convert to radix-format
    $ra=$r;
    $rb=10;
  } else { # convert from radix-format
    $ra=10;
    $rb=$r;
  }
  while ($nn > 0) {
    $o+=($nn % $ra)*$m;
    $nn=floor($nn/$ra);
    $m*=$rb;
  }
  return $o;
}

Then the function itself is trivially:

sub dcbadd($a,$b) {
  return cvradix(cvradix($a,2,1)+cvradix($b,2,1),2,0);
}

and the other languages all work basically the same way.

Task 2: Multiplication Table

You are given 3 positive integers, $i, $j and $k.

Write a script to print the $kth element in the sorted multiplication table of $i and $j.

I could do various optimising tricks (for example, there's no point in calculating beyond k*k) but the simplest approach seemed to in avoiding prepature optimisation: just work out the actual multiplication table, sort it, and then index into it. Rust, as an example:

fn mtable(i: u32,j: u32,k: usize) -> u32 {
    let mut l=vec![];
    for ix in 1..=i {
        for jx in 1..=j {
            l.push(ix*jx);
        }
    }
    l.sort();
    return l[k-1];
}

Full code on github.

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